Boat evolution timeline:
-The first type of boats were multiple logs tied together to make a raft.
-4000 BC: Reeds were used to build in ancient Egypt to create the first sailing boats.
-By 2500 BC the Egyptians were building boats that could cross the oceans.
-Between 1500 BC and 300 BC, Phoenicians and ancient Greeks started to trade and fight with their neighbors with the help of a man-powered sailing vessel.
-In 1000 AD, there was the creation of the longboats by the Vikings. These boats held 60 oarsman as well as sailing ships.
-In 1100 AD, there were Chinese Junks,which were sailing boats that allowed steering. These were used for transport and fighting.
-In 1450 AD, three and four masted sailing boats were used. They were used as battleships, trade vessels, and used to carry cargo from one country to another.
-In the 1800s, fast-sailing ships called clipper ships were built.
-In 1819, the first steamship that crossed the Atlantic was combined with steam and wind power.
-In 1845, ships were being built of iron and were being driven by a propeller.
-In the 1880s, steam-driven riverboats had rear paddles or one on each side.
– In 1910, ships that were running off of burning coal were being replaced by diesel power.
-In 1955, hovercrafts were starting to be used. These are large boats that float on a tube of air that can reach high speeds of nearly 140 km/h.
-In 1959, the first nuclear-powered cargo ship was able to sail for 3.5 years without refueling.
-In the 1980s, hydrofoils were being used.
-Also in the 1980s, container ships were being used to carry cargo.
-In the 1990s, cruise liners were becoming more popular. These are known as the ships that people go on for vacations. Mainly a passenger only ship.
– In the 2000s, speed boats became more popular, not only for leisure but for travel as well.
Boats have made an enormous amount of progress since their beginning. They went from a flat raft to a cruise ship that can hold hundreds, if not thousands, of people.