-The water is affected by highway runoff water. This water is mainly contaminated with heavy metals and inorganic salts.
Oil is Spilled into the Water
-Many animals fall victim to oil spillage in the water because of the boats that travel on it.
-The animals and plants are harmed in two different ways; directly from the oil, and from when the oil is trying to be cleaned up.
-How are they harmed?
Sea otters and sea birds are most harmed from oil spillage.
Sea otters will be harmed because in order to stay alive and warm, their fur needs to be cleaned. With oil on their fur, they are likely to die quickly.
If the oil is to come on the shore, many small creatures such as snails and clams will be harmed as well.
-How are they helped?
At many of the oil spills, there is an animal care center set up to help them. If you are not trained in helping animals, do not try to help. You could cause more harm than help.